Rats were not always fun, colorful, patterned small pets we see or own today. There are many different species and more or less all over the world. They play a major role in history and religions worldwide and today's modern society. This article is designed to explore the history of different rats in different cultures.
Let's start with the original. Rats are rodents of the Muroidea family. As a rodent, their teeth grow steadily and they need to chew regularly to prevent teeth from growing and causing painful damage on their heads. They are not picky like rodents, they can even rod on concrete and steel and are considered to have a shear strength of 7000 pounds per square inch.
Many rodent and mammalian animals have been shown to rats, though they are not "real rats", such as the North American rat and kangaroo rat. Rattus is the most common among black rats – and Rattus Rattus and the brown rat Rattus Norvegicus are the rats in the Latin genus. These two rats are the best known and most important for humans. The black rat is shy and less visible than the brown rat. This is mainly caused by the brown rat, the black rat, taking its habitat, and competing for its food. Many other species also become compromised by the competition of black and brown rats. The Fancy Rats are the Rattus Norvegicus species, just like the canal rats!
Rats differ in size from mice, mice are generally smaller and lighter. This is not a completely accurate method for determining the class, as some rats may have mice properties and vice versa. As new species can be discovered, standard classifications may be confusing.
Brown rats came from Asia in Chinese grassland. They began to spread in Europe in 1553 and arrived in the United States in 1775 after being hiding and traveling on cargo ships. Black rats came to Great Britain for a long time, though brown rats do not have the exact time. Bones on bones found in London show that the black rat lived there in the middle of the third century and in York in the 5th century. Today's rat is opportunistic and close to people, often homes! This caused them to be classified as a pest. Since a few rats can produce up to 300 young people every year, they are overwhelmed by the muggy cats in many places.
Most people do not realize that rats are more complicated and interesting than they are depicted. They live in colonies that contain complex hierarchies where they form deep bonds, often risking their own lives to rescue their families and friends. Very social, very intelligent and psychological traits are very similar to humans. The rats group is known as a pack, or rather a "trouble". Males are dolls, females and young people, like puppies or kittens. Domestic rats differ greatly from wild peoples, smaller hearts, brain, liver, kidneys, and adrenal glands. They are more susceptible to the disease, probably due to inbreeding. These animals are usually dirty and sick, but that's not true. The rats continually clean and care for themselves and other pack members. Wild rats are generally robust and healthy, although urban rats have poor nutrition and can have internal parasites. They can not be passed on to people. It is a fact that rats have very little zoonoses. Among the most well-known among these, Leptospirosis (19459005) is also known as Weil's disease and it infects the liver, although this is very rare.
Rats are widespread around the world and many have been worshiped in cultures. Although they are still cloudy in the western world, probably because of their association with black pesto I will talk later. First we look at India where rats are treated as king. In Deshnoke, northwestern India, there is an ornate church for Karni Mata, the goddess of the rat. Many people in our society describe the interior of the churches as scheming, but a rat lover like myself, the content is both wonderful and wonderful.
Thousands of hairy brown bodies waved on the floor and flooded the complicated Gold and Silver work that attracted the walls. The temple exceeded the rats, far more than 20,000. It is the duty of the rats to feed bowls and grain because they believe that these furry brown souls will eventually be reborn as Sadhus Hindu holy men. People are pilgrimage to this temple just a mile away to sit and share food with the rats or the name of the sacred animal, their cabbages . They often eat and drink from the same bowls as rats believe that the food touched by a Kabbalah is the blessing of God.
Many in our culture find this temple strange It is either outrageous, but it can not be denied that all religions practice such things as strange to the outsider. The rat loving Hindu temple was built by the Maharaja Ganga in the 1900's in honor of the rat goddess Karni Mata. Kings have often built worshiped worship gods, believing that goddesses are more sympathetic and likely to help them achieve their purpose. According to legend, Karna Mata was the mystical matriarch of the 14th century. They said Durga, the embodiment of Goddess of power and victory. In one's life, one of his clans had died. He was trying to regain the child, but only Yama, the God of death, told me that the child had been reincarnated. Karni Mata then discussed with Yama: From then on, all her tribe would replant the rats until she was reborn again on her clan.
The rat is also recognized by Lord Ganesh in India, and pictures often depict him riding on a rat's back. There are always rat statues in the Ganesh Temple. In Curzon Park, Calcutta, India has the "Rat Park" attraction, where hundreds of rats surround a huge wire rope.
In imperial Chinese culture, the rat is the first animal in the Chinese zodiac. Rats are respected for their speed, their ability to value, friendly, natural charm and loyalty to their behavior towards their friends and family. The rat year falls in 1948, 1960, 1972, 1984, 1996 and 2008. People born in the rat year say they possess the rat-like qualities of creativity, honesty, generosity and ambition, fast paced and wasteful.
The rat is the first animal in the Chinese zodiac, and the story shows that the twelve animals stood on the banks of the river, arguing that it should lead the cycle of the years. The gods were asked to make a decision and to race, who came to the other side of the river, first to win and the others to receive the number of years they ended. They all jumped into the river, but the ox did not understand that the rat was on his back. So the rat jumped and won first. Pork was very lazy and finally finished. Therefore, the rat first appears, the ox is second and the pig last year. In old Japan, the white rats were considered to be the messengers of one of the lucky Seven Gods, Daikoku.
This is why the rats have not been killed. There is an old story about rats in Japanese culture: The old rat kid wanted the strongest husband in the world for their daughter. They asked for the day he refused, saying the clouds were stronger than he was, because they could hide it. They asked the cloud who said, "The wind is stronger than I can, because it can blow it." The wind did not know the grade: "The wall stops cold," he said. Even though the wall was respected, he was lamented, "The rat is stronger than me, he could take it through a hole, so the couple wisely handed their daughter to the other rat, who is actually the strongest creature of all. The Japanese leave the rice cakes to honor the rats
In ancient Rome there was no classification between rats and mice, they simply called them "big mice" and "little mice." The Romans saw that the Rats were guarded as a white rat was found to be favorable, though the blacks had an unlucky significance. They said that if a rat had chewed his personal wealth, then he would have to postpone any business he could think of that day. It is clear that the rats are of significance in ancient Egypt. There are pictures They seem to have anthropomorphic rats, but they do not seem to have a rat dummy. They think that rats are pests in Egypt, destroying plants and belongings, probably for the sake of the cat.
Perhaps one of the most memorable events in British history for rats is undoubtedly black plague. It is possible that the Western world has such a negative relationship with the rats.
It is often said that rats were the actual causes of black plague. This is not true, rats were also victims. The plague is caused by the microorganism Yersinia Pestis delivered by Tropical Rat Flea. The bacteria blocked the stomach of the fleas, causing dissatisfied hunger. So the fleas feed on the rats. During the feeding process, flea would suppress some of the bacteria in the open and infect the victim. After a while the victim died and soon the starving flea was hunting less and hence went on to another victim, man.
The disease itself in Mongolia emerged in the Gobi Desert around 1320 and quickly spread through trade, infecting most of Asia before moving to Europe. The plague finally arrived in Britain in 1348 and in 1349 every town and village was infected in Britain.
The disease is known as Bubon pestis as it has caused painful swelling in the lymph nodes. Over the years, many cases of plague came and went across Britain. But in 1665, the great plague hit London, killing half of its population. The disease spread through the person through the air in the water drops, especially during coughing and sneezing. Because of the lack of medical knowledge at that time, he was rampant through the city. There was an outbreak.
Headaches, fatigue, chills and delirium induced feverishness. Lymph nodes swelled, hot and painful. The final stage was septicemia, blood clotting and lung infection. Four or five days later, death came. No one knows that the pest has finally come to an end. This may be due to the lack of food sources, the weakening of the bacteria, or simply the fact that the surviving people became immune. It is frightening that planet plague is still common in parts of the world, though it can be treated and does not have the same devastating effect. In the Victorian era, London was blown up with rats. The rats are the clever, opportunistic creatures that they are, they realize they have a lot of food and space to live and not struggle to survive. The ranks of rats lead to a cruel new bloody sport that, though ghastly and courageous, is one of the reasons for Fancy Rats today.
The rat was an entertaining way of looking at pests. Men took large amounts of live rodents and brought bags to public sports facilities. The rats were thrown into a pit with a dog or sometimes an adult man. The dog (or man) was timed while breaking through the package. Any dog killed most rats in the shortest time, declared the winner. Jimmy Shaw was one of London's largest sports facilities.
After a while, he started collecting and breeding the weird rats to create more colors and patterns. He then sold these "new" rats to pets.
But the man who could be named as the initiator of the first real home rats, the royal rat pincushion, Jack Black. The growth of the rat population meant that many men found new jobs, as they had become known at that time. Often, these men provided sports houses. During his work, Black had undergone several rats, and after a while he even started collecting and spreading strange colors. After a while there was enough collection; Albinoids, gray and marked rodents, which are sold as domestic animals. Among them Jack Black and Jimmy Shaw sold hundreds of pet rats, laying the foundations of today's Fancy Rats. In the 1800s, colorful or "Fancy" mice became popular pets. People began to notice that these hairy little cats made pleasant and entertaining companions. It was very easy to keep them, they only require a small house, food and water, and varieties of different colors and patterns liked the eye. The interest of mice continued to rise, while in 1895 the National Mouse Club was founded in the United Kingdom. The NMC set up different standards and varieties and held lectures.
Meanwhile, a very special lady, Mary Douglas, lived in the background. In 1901, Douglas wrote the NMC about Fancy Rats and asked their club to extend their interest in Fancy Rat. After many controversy, the NMC agreed that the same year the Fancy Rats' classs were on stage
In 1912, the interest in Fancy Rats exploded and was so high that the NMC chose National Mouse and Rat Club "During this time, the scientific community discovered the benefits of rats in research, Mary Douglas died in 1921, and interest in the rats has begun, NMC has returned to its old name
In the next few years, rat lovers are kind of They wanted a club but the interest of rats for pets was still too low and was not enough rats to be a decent club or society. The rat masters remained absent until 1976, when again there was interest in launching the National Fancy Rat Society, the first rat organization
Rats are for domestic animals Your interest has increased rapidly and soon new varieties have been established and unified. The National Fancy Rat Society is still active today and remains the UK's number one rat club.